This is a lesson plan provided by the National Library of Israel.

To someone unfamiliar with the rituals that mark the festival of Sukkot; observing the meticulous inspection and selection of the Four Species (Arba Minim), binding them together, and then waving them in all directions appears very strange!   What do these Four Species represent and why is so much attention paid to their every detail? In this lesson, learners will study Torah and Mishnaic texts and examine photographic sources, both of which will enhance their understanding of this mitzvah.  Thought provoking discussion questions and engaging activities such as designing an infographic of the Arba Minim, are featured in this resource.

The learner will:


  1. understand how investing effort into the performance of a mitzvah impacts one’s connection to the commandment
  2. know the sources in the Torah and the Mishna which describe the Arba Minim and how the mitzvah of shaking the Arba Minim should be performed
  3. be able to design an infographic of the Arba Minim that includes photographs and the requirements for each of the four species
About the National Library and its educational materials:

The mission of the National Library of Israel is to provide a home for items of national, historic or cultural significance. Each of these primary sources serve as unique entry points into the collective memory of the people of Israel as well as the Jewish people worldwide.

The education department at the library curates the collection of primary sources and uses them as windows into the past; to foster a deeper understanding of Jewish history, and to enable learners to personalize and connect to earlier events.


When you click on the National Library of Israel resource link featured above, you will find the following educational building blocks for the creation of a lesson plan:

  1. A group activity to open the lesson and engage the learners.
  2. Discussion ideas and/or questions that are designed to get the learners thinking more deeply about the content.
  3. A creative activity that gives students the opportunity to go beyond learning and analyzing, to crafting something new, that personalizes how they relate to the  primary sources featured in the resource.
  4. The primary sources in this resource have individual links (listed in Expand your horizons below) that provide expanded information. In addition there are nuanced discussion questions that will enable students in small groups to engage independently and effectively in the process of  observing, interpreting, and connecting to the primary sources.

Link to the lesson plan:
Put Them Together and Shake

Student handouts, computer, projector, art supplies

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